Donald Trump’s petition to the U.S. Supreme Court, filed on Wednesday, requests a reversal of the Colorado Supreme Court’s ruling that disqualified him from the state’s presidential primary ballot due to his alleged involvement in the January 6, 2021 U.S. Capitol riot. The petition challenges the application of Section 3 of the 14th Amendment, designed to bar former Confederates from holding public office. Section 3 states that engaging in insurrection or rebellion disqualifies an individual from holding office, unless Congress votes to remove the disability. Donald Trump’s legal team raises seven questions about the interpretation and application of this language. First, they discuss whether Section 3 is self-executing or requires implementing legislation from Congress. Second, they debate whether the presidency constitutes a civil office under the United States, as explicitly mentioned in Section 3. Third, they inquire if the president is considered an officer of the United States. Fourth, they question whether Trump’s oath to “preserve, protect, and defend” the Constitution is equivalent to supporting it. Fifth, the lawyers consider whether the U.S. Capitol riot qualifies as an insurrection according to Section 3. They argue that these uncertainties have led to inconsistent rulings by different jurisdictions. The petition also includes a proposed resolution for the issues raised. Moreover, Trump’s lawyers provide historical context and scholarly interpretations of Section 3, attempting to illuminate their perspective on these questions.